Saturday, February 21, 2015

How to record a video

I have been recording videos since the mid 2000s, so for about 10 years. These days guitar vids are very common but I remember I was one of the first guys doing so at the time.

I get questions about my recording set-up so regularly that I think it is a good idea to explain how it works here. This how I do it. There are other ways too of course. First take a look at the picture below. You can see the entire sound chain there.

guitar, camcorder, mixer, POD, headphone amp, headphones, laptop

  • the guitar goes into a line 6 POD amp modeller. 
  • The playback track is played on the laptop and the stereo signal goes into the Behringer mixer
  • The stereo output signal of the POD goes into the Behringer mixer
  • The signals are combined in the mixer and go into the 4 channel Behringer stereo headphone amp, of which I use 2
  • From the stereo headphone amp one stereo signal goes to the headphone set so I can hear myself playing along with the backing track, a second stereo signal goes from this litlle amp into the external microphone stereo input of the video camcorder
Behringer mixer, Behringer headphone amp, POD line 6

The main components of the sound chain are:
  • POD line 6 amp modeller
  • Behringer Xenyx QH 1202 USB mixer
  • Behringer Micro Amp HA 400 (stereo headphone amp)
The Behringer mixer has a USB interface that I connect directly to my laptop. It also has a compressor, an effect prossecor and 4 mic preamps on board. 

Canon FS 100 camcorder 

You probably wonder why the signal does not go directly from the Behringer mixer into the camcorder's stereo input jack. Well, that's simple. The audio signal coming out from the Behringer is way too hot for the camcorder. To make a recording, I would have to adjust the playback levels to such a low volume that I would not be able to hear myself and the backing track through my headphones. On the left you can see that the mixed signal from the Behringer mixer (first pot left is guitar and backing track) is way higher than the signal that goes to the Camcorder (2nd pot left). which is almost completely closed. This way I can still hear myself playing and the music and still make sure the signal is not too hot for the camcorder. A normal output signal from the mixer directly would result in a lot of distortion. I do not use the other 2 channels). There are probably other ways to solve this problem but this one was cheap and it works well enough. The left cable is the power cable and the right one is the stereo input coming from the Beheringer mixer.
I do not always record the guitar through the POD. I can use a microphone too to pick up the sound from my amp or from an acoustic guitar. Or I just play a chord melody solo style, without a backing. Sometimes I forget about the whole studio thing and simply use the built in microphone of my Camcorder and record in my living room.

The advantage of my video studio is that it consists of pretty inexpensive hardware. The Behringer stuff is dirt cheap and works just fine. A good camcorder can be had for under 200 bucks. 

Of course you need software too to edit and process the videos after recording. I use Cyberlink Powerdirector for that but Windows Moviemaker works fine too. I am not going into video editing here.

One thing though. Before you start rolling out videos make sure you have done the work on the guitar. There are simply too many guys publishing videos that had better first work on their playing some more. And don´t fool yourself, you can have a thousand `you sound great` replies to your videos and still suck big time. Many people simply do not hear much difference between good and bad jazz playing and those that do usually remain silent. 

1 comment:

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